Mu Ko Chang National Park
Mu Ko Chang National Park is a collection of over 40 islands, large and small. The archipelago is located in the Gulf of Thailand, located about 8 km. the coast of Trat province. The main island of Ko Chang is the third largest island of Thailand after Phuket and Koh Samui and is about 30 kilometers long and about 14 km wide. The other main islands of the group are: Ko Chang Noi, Ko Khlum, Ko Wai, Ko Lao Ya, Ko Ko May and, if rank. The park has received the status of National Park December 31, 1982 the 45th National Park in Thailand The park covers a total area of 650 km2, of which about 458 km2, or 70% is marine.
Mu Ko Chang National Park is located in south-east of Thailand, near the cambodian border. The island is parallel to the coast and appears very mountainous from the shore because of the mountains on the border with the island. The spine is composed of several summits, the highest Khao Lan, Khao Chom Prasat, Khao Khlong Mayom, Khao Salak Phet and Khao Yai, which has reached the highest peak at an altitude of 743m. The rocks of the island is mainly granite, and dates from around 200 million years ago. Geology produces a very mountainous island, but with rounded slopes rather than cliffs.
The island of Koh Chang has many streams and rivers that are fed by rain collected on the slopes of ‘island. Because of the large amount of rain here, these flows are very clean and supply water all year. The rivers on the island early Khlong Son, Khlong Mayom, Khangkhao Khlong, Khlong Bang Bao, Khlong Phrao, Khlong Khlong Nonsi and Chaiyachet. This mix of mountains and streams produces some very interesting waterfall is the most remarkable that Mayom, PHLU Klong, Klong Nonsi, Khiri Phet and Khlong Nung waterfalls.
The rainy season extends from May to October. And ‘the south-west monsoon during the dry season runs from November to February. The dry season is the north-west monsoon, which cools the temperature. Summer starts from March to April. This season, the equator the sun goes into the wind. The climate is hot, especially in the month of April.
Flora and Fauna
The mountains are covered with dense tropical evergreen forests, due to the historically low level of housing on the island largely untouched (until recently, when more people move here) The main species Dipterocarpus alatus, D. turbinatus, Anisoptera notes, Hopea odorata, Malayan Irvingia neriifolius Podocarpus, Diospyrosspp. Castanopsis spp. Croton spp. Oncosperma horrida, Caryota mitis. Daemonorops spp. Korthals grandis, Bauhinia Mermaid, sumatrana Freycinet, Platycerium coronarium Amomum spp. And Panduria Boesenbergia Kaempferia pulchra. Around the villages of Salak Phet, Salak Khok, Khlong Son, Khlong Phrao Bay are areas of forest beach. The dominant species are here BADAMIER, Calophyllum inophyllum, leucadendra Melaleuca, Eugenia grandis, E. spicata, and odoratissimus Pandanus. In those areas more secure, especially when fresh water from sea to produce brackish water, fairly large area of mangrove exist. This mangrove forest is a combination of tree species like Rhizophora mucronata, R. Ceriops decandra apiculata, C. Tagalog, Bruguier gymnorrhiza, B. parviflora, Avicennia alba, Xylocarpus granatum, X. moluccensis, Hibiscus and marshmallow odollum Cerbera.
Wildlife surveys in 1992 recorded 29 species in the national park. The animals were caught, wild boar, deer, bear, Slow Loris, Macaque, Langur, the silver, the eastern mole, mongoose, small Indian civet, Java, and several species of bats, squirrels, rats and mice. The list of birds of the park currently has 74 species, including 61 residents. The most commonly observed include swallowing coral reefs in the Pacific, Great Egret, Yellow-vented Bulbul, Nightjar, Pacific, White-breasted Waterhen, Green Imperial Pigeon and Oriental Pied Hornbill. Visitors migration to the islands are little blue heron, Greater Sand Plover, White-winged Tern, Brown Noddy, Black-neck Oriole, Pale-legged Leaf Warbler, Arctic Warbler, and Swallow. Two common breeding visitor to the islands have belonged to the wings and a blue beret Pita Pita, whistles often very pronounced in the early morning and evening. The way in which commonly include Blue-throated Flycatcher, Blue and White Flycatcher Warbler and Eastern Europe. The research team has discovered 42 species of reptiles and amphibians. Given the increasing frequency are, mud turtle, Malaysia, India lizard, water monitor lizard, lizard face, blue white garden, Tokay Gecko, on the east side of Indian grass skink Brown, Python, racers, rat snake, king cobra, the toad Common asia, Paddy green frog, frog, chorus frog and the frog Bulter Rugosed. A species endemic here and nowhere else is an appropriate name Kohchang frog (Rana kohchangae).
Ko Chang islands are far from the rivers of the continent, and so the waters around the islands is very clear and free of debris. Thus, the beaches of white sand and crystal clear waters and rich marine life are clean. Occur in protected areas of coral reefs, with many species of corals and coral, Laminar column Staghorn coral reefs, giant clams, sea anemones, corals, starfish, fish and algae. Biodiversity should be seen in many places around the park, particularly good sites Ko Chang Noi, Ko Yuak, Ko Man Nok, Ko Khlum, Wai Ko Ko Lao Ya, Koh Ngam, Koh Rang, Koh Kra, I along the east coast Koh Chang island. Another good place to explore the underwater world is about the remains of the Thai warships “Songkhla” and “Chonburi” in Salak Phet bay on the southern tip of the island.